Archive for November, 2006

The Toy Manchester Terrier

The Toy Manchester Terrier

By Sandra Oberreuter

The Toy Manchester Terrier is also called the “Black and Tan Toy Terrier” and the “English Toy Terrier.”

This sturdy little dog is highly intelligent and loves human companionship. He loves to be petted! He usually attaches himself firmly with his family.

He is well balanced, elegant and sleek looking. He have a long, graceful and compact body. His neck is graceful with a black nose, dark to black, small, almond shaped eyes and high ears that are at the back of his skull which are proportionated and close together.

His coat is thick, close and smooth which gives him a glossy appearance. He is black and tan while the tan is predominately on his lower legs and nuzzle. As he ages the black stretches into the areas that are tan.

Weight: 6-8 pounds
Height: 10-12 inches
Life Span: 14-16 years


Highly Intelligent





The Toy Manchester Terrier is easily trained but requires a firm hand and early socialization.

They make great family dogs if you don’t have small children as like most toy breeds he can be hurt easily. They are a good choice for the elderly because they don’t need much exercise or grooming. They make a good watch dos but of course not a guard dog.


They only acquire occasional brushing and a bath when necessary.


Slipped stifle

Deteriorative of ball of hip

Sensitive to sun, cold and damp weather


Their nickname is “rat terrier”. They got this name because they had a reputation for controlling the rat population in England. They are one of the oldest English breeds dating back to the 15th Century. They are descended from Old English Black and Tan Terrier. They are a smaller version of a Manchester Terrier. They became popular in the reign of Queen Victoria.

They are known as the Toy Manchester Terrier in Canada and the United States. They were recognized by the ADC in 2000.

There is normally a waiting list to get a Toy Manchester Terrier and they cost between $350.00 and $450.00.

Sandy has a web site on small dog breeds that has articles that include choosing a puppy, bringing puppy home, dogs good with children and seniors, most popular dogs, choosing a breeder and vet, dog day care and much more.

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Miniature Yorkshire Terriers

Miniature Yorkshire Terriers

By Elizabeth Morgan

The Yorkshire terrier is a breed of dogs that originally hailed from Yorkshire. These toy dogs are popularly known as Yorkies, and are very small. There are different types of Yorkshire terrier, and miniature Yorkshire terriers are among the most popular. They generally live up to 15 years if given proper care. Be sure to consult with an established veterinarian to make sure you are giving all the proper care to your miniature Yorkshire terrier.

Generally speaking, there are two types of Yorkshire terriers: standard and miniature. But many experts feel that they are not separate breeds, but the same breed coming in different sizes. This means that an underdeveloped Yorkie will be classified as miniature, but will be re-classified as standard if he grows. So the only way to know that you are getting a miniature Yorkshire terrier is by asking whether he or she is fully grown before acquiring the dog.

Usually, miniature Yorkshire terriers are known to be mischievous. Being a small breed, they usually love to play around and jump all over. They are said to be fast learners, and very popular with children. The dogs are energetic and assertive, and make excellent companions for children and adults alike. They have a very calm temperament for a small dog.

The miniature Yorkshire terrier is very intelligent and is always ready to learn new things. They are excellent for city dwellers, who don’t have a lot of space. They also make excellent gifts for people looking to acquire a pet.

Yorkshire Terriers provides detailed information on Miniature Yorkshire Terriers, Yorkshire Terrier Adoption, Yorkshire Terrier Breeders, Yorkshire Terrier Breeding and more. Yorkshire Terriers is affiliated with Miniature Dachshunds.

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The Staffordshire Bull Terrier – Little Dog with a Lot of Heart

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier – Little Dog with a Lot of Heart

By Carol Stack

A family was at the local animal shelter to put a hold on a pug for the pug rescue when they met and fell in love with Bonnie, a brindle-colored Staffordshire Bull Terrier.

The shelter’s assistant told them that this little dog had been scheduled to be euthanized that morning but the administrator really wanted to see this dog get a home so they had postponed her death sentence.

The family didn’t need any prodding. They had already fallen in love with her and quickly decided to adopt this sweet-natured little dog. When studying about the Staffordshire Bull Terrier they found out this dog breed is great with children because they are very patient and have a high tolerance for pain.

They learned that Staffordshire Bull Terriers are closely related to several other bulldog-type dog breeds such as the Pug, Boxer, Bullmastiff, and Boston Terrier. The Pit bull-type dog breeds (called bully breeds) are one branch of this family and include the American Pit Bull, Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordsshire Bull Terrier, American Bulldog and Miniature Bull Terrier.

These dogs descended from a bulldog breed that is very different from the Bulldog of today. They were tall and had a smaller head than today’s bully breeds.

The bulldog of old helped the farmer control the bulls when the farmer needed to bring them into the barnyard. Since it was entertaining to see a dog pinning a bull, the sport of pitting this bulldog against bulls was begun. That quickly expanded into pitting the dog against bears and badgers.

The dog needed courage and tenacity, so they crossed this bulldog with terriers, which gave the dog additional ferocity and gameness. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a cross between that bulldog and the now-extinct White Terrier.

The history of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the other bully breeds is very interesting. Many famous people, including General George Patton, President Woodrow Wilson, and author John Steinbeck have owned bully breeds.

Pete from the Our Gang movies in the 1930s was an American Staffordshire Terrier. The elderly dog in the original 1963 movie The Incredible Journey was a Bull Terrier.

A Pit Bull named Weela was named a Ken-L Ration Dog Hero in 1993 after rescuing 30 people, 29 dogs, 13 horses and a cat during some heavy floods in Southern California.

Alaska’s first certified hearing-dog was a Pit Bull named RCA, rescued from a shelter. Another Pit Bull, Dixie, in Georgia, protected her family’s children by placing herself between the children and a poisonous snake. She actually suffered multiple bites to her face and eyes, but fully recovered and was inducted into the Georgia Animal Hall of Fame in 1999.

Too bad people forget about the heroes and only remember the dogs that attack. Bully breeds can be gentle but some people have trained them to fight.

With that big mouth and stocky chest their look is intimidating. But underneath that brawny exterior is a great big heart.

All the bully breeds exist only to love and adore their families. They bond deeply and heavily and display a great amount of empathy. They give so much affection and friendship, but it comes with a price tag. They want you in return.

These breeds need a lot of you. They need your time and your attention.

If you don’t have the desire to give the love these dogs need then it’s better to get a breed that doesn’t need or want a lot of attention. Bully breeds want and need a lot of love in return for the love they give. Bonnie proves that fact every minute of every day. But her family loves her deeply and wouldn’t want her any other way.

Copyright 2006 Carol Stack

Carol Stack has been working with dogs for more than three decades. She and her daughter Christy have created a web site especially for dog lovers. It focuses on dog breeds, dog care and health, and dog training. You can find it at

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The Golden Retriever, A Heart Of Gold

The Golden Retriever, A Heart Of Gold

By Ruth Bird

Goldens, they just melt my heart. Any Golden Retriever just needs look at me with those expressive eyes and I go all soft inside. It’s true, I do.

The Golden Retriever stands tall and proud in its golden hue. When you see a Golden outside, in the fall, among the trees and the leaves it is a scene of beauty and elegance.

The male usually weighs between 65 – 75 pounds and the female 55 – 65 pounds. Although I have seen some much bigger than this.

The Golden does not make a good guard dog. It is not a protector. Its best points:



Friendliness to people and other dogs

Easy to train

A joy to have around

Loved by everyone

Lord Tweedmouth, who lived just north of the Scottish border along the Tweed River is responsible for these nuggets of gold. The AKG did not register them as a separate breed until 1927. The breed was valued for their hunting abilities. I tend to think they should be valued for their “talking” abilities also. I am just being funny here.


The Golden Retriever is just everybody’s friend. They have a heart of gold and are totally devoted to their families, and the rest of humankind. I have two Black Labs, but, I could never be without a Golden. Golden Retrievers are extremely communicating dogs. My Golden is forever coming up to me and “talking” to me while my Black Labs are sound asleep.

The Goldens good nature is appreciated by all, however; ignoring its powerful physique and it’ and its active nature can lead to behavior problems. The Golden Retriever needs lots of exercise and mental stimulation. If they receive both of those consistently they are the perfect dog. All good bred Goldens love to learn. It is a big part of a Goldens nature to constantly learn, be trained and do mentally active activities.

The Golden Retriever is wonderful with children. You must watch the small children when they play with a Golden. Because the Golden loves to play, they can get boisterous and may bump the little child in the nose or head.

The Goldens achievement in competitive obedience games is remarkable.


The Golden needs lots of exercise; including mental activity. The Golden is an amazingly social dog and functions well when it lives inside with its family. The coat is not difficult to keep nice if you brush it once a week. Also, Goldens can get ear problems, so be sure to learn how to clean its ears consistently.

Also, the Goldens can have issues with skin problems. They usually live 10 to 13 years, longer if you take care to feed it good quality dog food.

Dog Therapy Visiting has been a passion of Ruth’s for 5 years. She has three dogs, two black labs and one golden retriever.

Ruth first became involved in this work while visiting a friend in the hospital. A beautiful big golden retriever, Tasha, silently walked into the room and she instantly fell in love with the dog and what the dog represented. Both Tasha and the owner became Ruth’s mentor.

Ruth visits two senior homes on a regular basis with two of her three dogs. Her third dog, Dukie, is blind.

Ruth has been married for 27 years with her husband Chris. Chris is currently fighting the monster, MS. You can reach Ruth at her website.
Her Pet Blog
Her home page: and
her people’s health page:

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The Royal Pug

The Royal Pug

By Mike Mathews

People love Pugs! There is something about that rogue-like face that tugs at your heart strings. This dignified toy breed is loved by royalty and commoners alike. These loving, intelligent, little clowns are extremely popular and ranked 12th out of 154 dog breeds registered by the American Kennel Club in 2005. The Pug is the largest of the Toy Dog Group weighing in a whopping 14 to 18 pounds.

The Pug has a fascinating history and one that is somewhat controversial. No one disputes that the English painter William Hogarth owned Pugs and portrayed them many times in his paintings. For example, Hogarth’s 1730 painting shows a black pug in “House of Cards”. Similarly everyone agrees that the Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange after saving the life of the Prince of Orange, by giving alarm at the approach of the Spaniards in 1572. Later when William of Orange went to England in 1688 to be crowned King William III, he took along several Pugs. So we know how the Pugs got from Holland to England but the controversy arises over how the breed got to Holland in the 16th century. One group of historians thinks the Pug was developed as a result of crossing several small Bulldogs. Another group thinks it is a miniature form of the rare French mastiff called the Dogue de Bordeaux. However the majority of historians think that the Pug originated in China and was brought back to 16th century Holland by the Dutch East India Company traders. This is the history that we will assume is true. The Pug is of Chinese origin and its development seems to pre-date the Christian era. Early records indicate that there were three types of short-nosed dogs bred by the Chinese. They were the Lion Dog (probably the Shih Tzu), The Pekingese and the Foo Dog or Pug. These dogs became very popular with Chinese royalty and the Pug breed was highly prized by the Emperors of China and lived a pampered existence. In fact, ordinary citizens were not allowed to own them. However, European traders managed to obtain some Pugs and introduce them to Europe – particularly Portugal, Spain, Holland and England which were the home countries of the traders. There, these adorable little animals became the pampered favourites of many royal families. We mentioned earlier that William III and Mary introduced Pugs to Britain from Holland when they became King and Queen in 1688 and the little dogs became a favourite at the royal court. This small dog breed was also extremely popular in the European courts and was a favourite of Napoleon’s wife, Queen Josephine of France. Later Queen Victoria of England succumbed to the Pugs charm and introduced several Pugs into her household. This British royalty love of Pugs continued down the line into the 20th century with the Duke of Windsor becoming a Pug owner. However by the time of Queen Victoria and her descendants, Pugs were no longer restricted to royalty. Members of the aristocracy became enamoured with Pugs as well.

Because the Pug was becoming very popular, English breeders were importing Pugs from other countries such as Russia, Austria and Holland. In 1860 British soldiers overran the Imperial palace in Peking and brought back a number of Pugs to England. The black Pug probably was imported at this time. Subsequent to this period, breeders established standards for the breed. In 1881, the Pug Dog Club of England was established and in 1883 the British Kennel Club formally recognized this breed club. By 1885, the Pug had been accepted for registration by the American Kennel Club but no national American breed club was created until 1931. By the beginning of the 20th century, large numbers of Pugs were exported to the United States from the United Kingdom. These Pugs were expensive – as they were still very much upper-class dogs.

Now we no longer have to be members of the royalty or the upper classes to own a Pug. Pugs are low maintenance dog breeds that require little grooming and get enough exercise playing indoors. They are well suited for apartment living. Pugs have a tendency to put on weight and should be taken for walks when the weather isn’t too hot.

Many royal and well known people have been owned by a Pug. This started with the Chinese Emperors many centuries ago and continued right up to the Dowager Empress of China who died in 1908. Many European royal families including Napoleon Bonaparte and his wife Josephine fell under the spell of the Pug. More contemporary (and quite diverse) Pug owners included Sir Winston Churchill, Valentino, Andy Warhol and Sammy Davis Jr. You can get free pictures and additional information on the Pug at Pug Pictures.

Perhaps it is time for you to consider being royally entertained by the uncommon Pug!

About the Author – Mike Mathews is a contributing writer and editor for the popular dog breed site: . He provides informative, real-world advice and tips on dog breeds, dog health , dog grooming and more. As well be sure to check out his free report on Dog Training.

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The Pumi

The Pumi

By Michael Russell

The Pumi is a cattle drover that is used extensively in Hungary and is native to that country. He is prized for his abilities to drive cattle without spooking the herd and to round them up effortlessly, employing techniques similar to that of the Border Collie. Unlike the Border collie he is not a quiet dog and will bark when performing his herding functions and will also bark when alerting against intruders and is valued for this behavior also. The Pumi is a useful and versatile farm dog . With his high spirit and an unquenchable activity level, the Pumi is not a dog for the elderly apartment dweller in any respect. He is a long lived and active dog and seeks to find trouble if he isn’t given a job to do. As a farm dog he will make work for himself rather than just lie about the yard in the sun. If kept in the city he is friendly and personable but does need regular exercise and the family who owns one in the city will find themselves going on long walks twice a day. He is playful and good with children and that is a bonus.

The Pumi is believed to be descended from crosses with the original native Puli and the Hutespitz and Pomeranian dogs that were brought to Hungary during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by traders. Barter was a common form of commerce and good farm dogs held as much value as the sheep and cattle themselves and were often exchanged as much as the livestock. The Hungarian, German and French Spitz breeds were numerous and had considerable impact on the development of the Pumi. The Pumi has always been used as an extension of the shepherd and has always worked with mankind rather than independently. Consequently he is a willing worker , learning quickly and is easy to train.

The Pumi has a perpetual look of surprise because of its ear set. The large ears are standup and slightly lopped over at the top, covered on the backside with short fur. When combined with the square muzzle and curly hair all over the face and body, the Puli has a unique and unforgettable look. The coat is quite short and tightly curled, it grows to perhaps a length of three inches. It is a plush coat, quite soft and seldom needs brushing. The coat does not cord, unlike the coat of his cousin the Puli. Any solid color except white is acceptable. A white Puli may not be used for breeding but can be registered. The history of this coloration is part of the utility of the dogs used for herding or drovers versus the dogs used as flock guards. A dog used as a herding dog needs to be of a color that distinguishes him from the sheep, while a dog that is a flock guard must blend in with the flock and thus surprise the predator who does not suspect that he is present.

The Pumi has recently been entered into the F.S.S. (Foundation Stud Service) of the American Kennel club. This is the first step on the road towards recognition as a registered A.K.C. Breed. The fanciers of the breed in this country consider him as a working dog and he will most likely enter into the A.K.C. as a herding dog. He is presently recognized by the F.C.I. as a member of the herding group.

Michael Russell Your Independent guide to Dogs

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The Pudelpointer: Outstanding Achiever

The Pudelpointer: Outstanding Achiever

By Michael Russell

The Pudelpointer is a breed established in the late nineteenth century in Germany. At that time it was a common practice for the landed gentry to have large kennels of more than a hundred dogs and several different breeds and it was within this type of kennel that true experimental breeding programs could flourish. The Pudelpointer is the result of just such experimentation. The breed was born out of a desire on the part of the German Baron von Sedlitz to produce the perfect “all round” gundog. The Baron used nearly 100 different pointers of Continental and English bloodlines and several different poodles to achieve his goal. The breed was not established overnight, but in the end the result was very close to the perfection the Baron desired.

The Pudelpointer possesses intelligence, an excellent nose, persistence and stamina, water working ability and a weather and bramble resistant coat. In Germany the majority of the Parent breed clubs maintain a very strict breeding program and this is the case with the Pudelpointer. Stud dogs and bitches all must pass a rigorous field trial test which includes tracking a wounded animal, giving chase and putting to flight smaller game, retrieving both wounded and dead game, pointing and obedience in a variety of circumstances. Furthermore, health clearances and a “good” rating in conformation must be obtained before they can be used for breeding and the parent club also has the power to determine which stud may be bred to which bitch. All of this regulation assures that the breed will remain true to type and function.

The Pudelpointer is a tall hunting dog, standing 26 inches at the shoulder. This dog can cover a great deal of ground in a stride and the length of leg allows for fast swimming and retrieving. The muzzle is lightly bearded and the rest of the body is covered with a tight rough coat that is not very long with a dense and woolly undercoat. The tail is docked similar to that of the German Shorthair Pointer. The breed is recognized by the F.C.I. and C.K.C. (Canadian Kennel Club) and there is an active North American Club with strong hunting interests. Nearly all fanciers in North America are hunters and compete heavily in field trials and hunt tests. It is in these pursuits rather than conformation that most Pudelpointer enthusiasts worldwide participate.

The temperament of the Pudelpointer lends itself to being a loyal and highly intelligent companion dog for the avid hunting enthusiast. This is a dog that needs to be out in the field, needs to be performing a task and is happiest when doing the job for which it was bred. The word “drive” when applied to the nature of a dog, means an unending and non stop desire to please and to perform the requests of its human master. The Pudelpointer, amongst all the gun dogs, has an impressive drive which is prized by the hunters who have the pleasure of owning one. The Pudelpointer also has an attitude of willingness and a great desire to please and is also firmly loyal and faithful to his master and to his family. He is a fine housedog and an even finer hunting companion.

Michael Russell Your Independent guide to Dogs

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Dalmatian: The Popular Working Dog

Dalmatian: The Popular Working Dog

By Michael Russell

A Dalmatian is a breed of dog known for its black spots which cover its white coat. In the United States, Dalmatians are often portrayed as firehouse dogs.

A popular breed, Dalmatians are midsized, muscular and have great endurance. Dalmatians’ coats are dense, short and very fine. The base color of this breed is white, with round spots in black or brown. A Dalmatians feet are small and round and their nails are either the same color of their spots or white. The color of their nose also depends on the color of the spots that they have. The eyes of a Dalmatian share an intelligent expression and are either brown or blue. The ears are high and thin and are close to the dog’s head. Spots on Dalmatians come later, as Dalmatian puppies are born fully white.

The Dalmatian breed was named after Dalmatia, an area in the Venetia Republic, in the 18th century. The breed’s origin is not known for sure, but it is believed to be either Yugoslavia, Egypt, Greece, or Rome.

At 22 to 24 inches tall and about 55 pounds, the dog breed is known for being a working dog. Although not specialized in one area, often Dalmatians herded and hunted. It was also used as a carriage dog – a type of dog who used to run next to a carriage and clear the way, help control horses and to guard the carriage. With training, Dalmatians can gain a high level of obedience.

As past history of being a carriage dog shows, the Dalmatian breed is active and needs exercise. Though they may be too rough and big for younger kids, they are good companions for teens with their playful attitude. They need companionship and affection too, as they can become depressed. Dalmatians are known as having good memories and being loyal and kind.

Unfortunately, some Dalmatians (about 10%) tend to have hereditary deafness, which is somewhat common in all-white breeds. There is a strong relationship between blue eyes and deafness, too. The average lifespan of a Dalmatian is 10 to 12 years. Dalmatians also suffer from a lack of uricase, an enzyme which breaks down uric acid. Without this enzyme, uric acid can cause bladder stones or gout, as it builds up in joints. To reduce the likelihood of stones, owners should not feed Dalmatians organ meats.

The Dalmatian breed got very popular after the 1956 novel “The Hundred and One Dalmatians” and the Disney animated film with the same name. Sadly, some owners bought Dalmatians because of the film but were unaware of the high amount of exercise that Dalmatians need. Dalmatians even like to swim, but owners must be careful as wet ears can cause an ear infection.

Although they are easy to keep breed, Dalmatians need to be frequently brushed to deal with the constant shedding. Their nails also need to be kept trimmed as they tend to grow quickly. However, they only needs baths when necessary as they have no doggy odor and like to stay clean.

Michael Russell Your Independent guide to Dogs

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The Bichon Frise: The French Lap Dog

The Bichon Frise: The French Lap Dog

By Michael Russell

The Bichon Frise is a small breed of dog, similar in size to a large cat, which in French means “curly lap dog”. They are called this because in the past they were lap dogs for French royalty. Often devoted to their masters, Bichons are popular pets and are fairly similar to poodles.

Originating in the Mediterranean region and in existence since the Middle Ages, Bichons eventually ended up on the streets after the French Revolution in which their royal masters were dethroned. The dogs were then caught and trained to do tricks so that they would become dogs in the circus. Despite often being used as a dog for companionship, Bichons are also versatile and smart. Recently farmers in Norway have even used Bichons for rounding up sheep.

Bichons weigh between 7 and 18 lbs and stand between 9 to 12 inches tall. Their average lifespan is 12 to 14 years. Bichons are nearly completely white, as to be a pure bred Bichon one must be at least 90% white. The dogs sometimes have different shades of white around the ears, but white is the dominant color of Bichons. Their eyes are usually either black or dark brown. The area around the eye is also very dark. The nose and lips are also black, while the ears are droopy and covered with long hair. The coat of a Bichon is curly, making them look puffy. The underbelly of a Bichon is softer and denser than the outer coat. A Bichon’s coat is thick and springs back in place if touched.

Bichons, who tend to not like the heat, must be groomed often to keep their neat appearance. The face is of special notice, as mucus and eye discharge can cause major problems as it tends to get in the fur right near their eyes. Their curled tails go over their backs and are often groomed to be longer in length than the rest of the coat.

Bichons tend to look attentive and soft. They are quite intelligent and present a curious personality. Though Bichons most like to stay close to their owners and lounge around, they are energetic and like to chew on bones, climb furniture and go for long walks. Bichons are easily excited when seeing other people, but they are really friendly dogs. Bichons are great pets for families, as children and Bichons tend to be fond of each other. Though Bichons can become jealous when it comes to attention, they get along alright with other dogs. Male Bichons are usually easier to train than females.

All-white breeds tend to suffer from ear infections and skin problems, but the Bichon Frise is less prone than other all-white breeds. The dogs can suffer problems with cataracts and luxating patellas though.

Though some people can still be allergic to Bichons, it is less likely that most other breeds of dog. Since they do not shed their fur, Bichons are quite popular to people with allergies as they are of a hypoallergenic breed.

Michael Russell Your Independent guide to Dogs

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Miniature Dachshund

Dog Breed Directory – Miniature Dachshund

By Stephanie Bayliss

History of the Miniature Dachshund

The history of these Miniature Dachshunds mirrors that of their larger relatives; Dachshunds can be traced back to Germany for many years, back to around the 15th Century, athough many believe that ancient Egyptian art depicts images of dogs similar to Dachshunds; perhaps their ancestors.

Dachshunds were bred to hunt badgers (“Dachs” means Badger). Badgers were a formidable prey and Dachshunds were bred to have courage and bravery bordering on the reckless! Their size and shape makes them perfect for hunting both above and below ground.

The breed club was set up in 1888 to standardise the breed characteristics and to ensure that these dogs had beauty to match their intelligence.

Miniature Dachshunds were used instead of ferrets to drive rabbits out of their warrens.

Appearance of the Miniature Dachshund

In appearance, the Miniature Dachshund really is just like a dwarf version of the standard Dachshund. They are found in the same coat varieties; long haired, smooth haired and wire haired.

With their long, low bodies Dachshunds are one of the most instantly recognisable breeds. Often called “Sausage dogs” by children, it is easy to see why!

Despite their miniature proportions, Dachshunds are strong and muscular dogs with broad shoulders and hindquarters.

The Dachshund has beautiful almond shaped eyes that are set into a perfectly proportioned, long face.

Dachshunds come in an enormous variety of colours; tan and black are perhaps the most widely seen colours although many variations exist.

Temperament of the Miniature Dachshund

Dachshunds are faithful and good tempered though they can be wary of strangers.

Dachshunds are extremely intelligent, though are not necessarily easy to train as they have a real mind of their own! Early training and socialisation is of real benefit to these dogs; their hunting instinct is deeply ingrained so good control of these dogs off lead is essential. Socialised early with children, these dogs make good family pets. Children must be taught to handle these dogs with respect, as they will sulk if they are treated unfairly. Dachshunds have a tendency to bond particularly strongly with one member of the family.

Grooming a Miniature Dachshund

Miniature Dachshunds come in a variety of coat types; long haired, wire haired and smooth haired. A moderate amount of grooming is necessary, particularly in the long haired Miniature Dachshund.

Miniature Dachshund Exercise Requirements

Although they are small, Miniature Dachshunds were bred as hunting dogs and as such, they enjoy their exercise! Miniature Dachshunds require a moderate amount of exercise; perhaps 20 – 40 minutes a day.

Care must be taken when allowing these dogs off lead because of their natural hunting instincts. If they detect a scent, they may well try to go to ground, to dig out they ‘prey’!

A well fenced, secure garden is a must for Miniature Dachshunds – they are world class diggers and may well dig themselves to freedom given the opportunity!

As a result of their elongated spine, Miniature Dachshunds should be limited in their access to stairs to prevent spinal damage.

Miniature Dachshund Health Problems

The main health concern with Miniature Dachshunds relates to their elongated spines. Ruptured discs are a common problem. Care must be taken to avoid these dogs using stairs or jumping on and off furniture, to minimise the risk of damage.

Miniature Dachshunds must not be allowed to become overweight as this places extra stress on their spines. It is essential that their weight is carefully monitored.

Some Dachshunds suffer from skin problems, such as baldness or lack of pigmentation in their skin.

Stephanie has written many articles on dog breeds and dog training. Visit Kennel Corner for more Dog Breed Profiles and other interesting dog resources, including a Dog Obedience Schools Directory.

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