Archive for the Jack Russell Terrier category

The Terrier Breeds

Terriers are among the most diverse breeds, ranging from the tiny toy Yorkie to the large Airedale. Originally developed to hunt and trap small game, the group has largely changed its role in human life over the past 200 years. But the wide range of size, temperament and appearance has caused terriers to continue to be among the most popular group in the world.

Even within a single subset, such as the smaller breeds, variety is everywhere with terriers. Jack Russells look and behave very differently from Westies. A Scottie and a Yorkie are roughly the same size, but have very different attitudes in detail, while still retaining many general terrier characteristics.

Medium-sized terriers, such as the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Welsh Terrier could hardly look more different. To the novice, it would be hard to find reasons to put them into the same category. Yet both have similar lineage, being developed not far from one another by modern measurements of distance.

Larger terriers look still more different from their smaller cousins. The Airedale, the Lakeland Terrier and the Irish Terrier are much more similar to one another, in appearance and behavior, than they are to the smaller breeds. Yet, a Kerry Blue – while much larger than the Scottie – was bred in similar circumstances and show common behaviors. That shows in the stance, the coat and other attributes, such as their high spirits and able mountain herding ability.

These are all very different from others that carry the terrier name. The Border Terrier resembles a Staffordshire Bull Terrier, even though the former is quite a bit taller. Both have the same square head, close coat and highly alert nature. Yet, you could hardly find two terriers more closely related, while looking dissimilar, than the Smooth Fox Terrier and the Wire-Haired Fox.

This ‘similarity within diversity’ is no accident, of course. Originally bred to hunt, many breeds were narrowed to perform that service for a group of prey that is equally varied. Fox and rabbit are similar enough to be hunted by the same breed. But animals that live above ground, such as tree squirrels, require a different technique.

That variation took on even larger dimensions as the generations went by and hunting became much less common. Everything from sports contests to film production, from watchdog and drug-sniffing duty to Border Patrol has called terriers into action. Breeding a dog to perform services for the deaf is naturally going to take a very different turn from one who will simply be a family pet.

Tastes in terriers run as wide a range as the breeds. Some like the portability and cute look of a little Westie. Others will find their hearts stolen by a miniature schnauzer, with their floppy ears and quizzical look. Still others can’t resist the sweet good nature of an Airedale and enjoy their tall, proud stance and beautiful appearance.

But whether one’s taste runs to the Manchester, looking a lot like a Doberman, or preference is for the tiny Norfolk, there’s a terrier just right for you.

Should You Buy a Jack Russell Terrier?

Jack Russell Terriers are feisty, energetic dogs that gained popularity with the advent of the Wishbone series. However, in real life, these dogs are not exactly like the famous Wishbone. This dog breed is all terrier, and sometimes a Jack Russell’s temperament can be overwhelming for inexperienced dog owners.

The Jack Russell Terrier is also called the Parson Russell Terrier, because this breed was created by a parson – Reverend Jack Russell. He bred these dogs to chase down foxes. He wanted the dogs to be small enough to fit into the space the fox was hiding in, so he kept them small.

The Jack Russell Terrier is a member of the American Kennel Club’s Terrier Group. However, the AKC calls these dogs Parson’s Russell Terriers to differentiate them from British Jack Russells. This is necessary because the AKC feels that these dogs should have long legs, while British breeders prefer dogs with shorter legs.

Jack Russell Terriers are small, but strong dogs. Their dark almond shaped eyes have a bright eyed, alert appearance. While most Jack Russells have short coats, there are rough coated dogs, as well. These dogs always are more than half white. The rest of their body has a combination of tan, black and brown markings. The short tail of the Jack Russell Terrier is carried straight up, but is rarely still, as this breed is almost always enthusiastically wagging its tail over something. These dogs weigh in at 13 to 17 pounds and stand 10 to 15 inches tall.

The Jack Russell Terrier is a very high energy dog. Despite it’s small size, this dog does not do well in apartments or small spaces. This dog thinks it is much larger than it really is and will work until it wears out. A Jack Russell needs a securely fenced yard. Jack Russells will go over, under, and around obstacles to escape when they are bored. They will even climb trees.

Jack Russells enjoy living in the midst of an active family, as long as they aren’t overlooked in the bustle of family life. They love plenty of attention and thrive on playing games with children, such as chasing down and retrieving balls.

You should make sure you don’t neglect obedience training because of the Jack Russell’s small size. These dogs need the structure that commands provide. Puppy classes will also help you socialize your puppy, so he learns to play well with other dogs.

Jack Russells can suffer from eye and ear problems, including deafness. However, overall, this is a healthy breed.

Feeding a Jack Russell is not too expensive, as these dogs do not eat large quantities of food. However, if your dog becomes hyper, you may want to consult your veterinarian about using a lower protein food.

Smooth coated Jack Russells need very little grooming. However, rough coated dogs should be groomed at least once a week. Be sure to check regularly your dog’s nails to be sure they aren’t too long.

The Jack Russell can be a fun family pet. As long as your family isn’t filled with couch potatoes, the Jack Russell may be the perfect breed for you.

Fox Terrier

Fox Terrier

By J Russell

Fox terriers are active and inquisitive hunters. They are smart and intelligent, need attention and understanding and will reward their owners with love and affection. They make wonderful family pets, they like children (although they are best suited to children 7 years and above) and are generally friendly to everyone they meet. They can, however, often be aggressive to other dogs or, in fact, to other animals of any size.

Although small in stature, measuring approximately 15in. to 18in at the shoulder, in their own minds they are much larger!

Fox terrier care and grooming is similar to that for many short-haired dogs. They will require regular brushing and bathing and their toenails need to be checked from time to time, however, since they are such an active dog their toenails tend to stay short. As with all dogs, a fox terrier’s ears may require cleaning on a regular basis. An annual veterinary check is recommended for all dogs.

Your fox terrier will require a securely fenced yard and will need to be walked on a leash. Due to their inquisitive nature they are likely to get into mischief if let out alone.

Fox terriers were bred to be hunting dogs and their instinct is to work alone, unsupervised by man. This can make fox terrier training an interesting experience! Training needs to be positive and fun; they are quick to pick up new things and do not respond to negative treatment. Because they have been bred to work alone they do not require constant approval as adult dogs, although as puppies they require a great deal of attention and will not like to left alone during the day.

You can expect your fox terrier to live a long and healthy life – often to 15years or more. They are strong and seldom get ill if properly protected from contagious disease by regular vaccinations and sensible precautions. Annual veterinary check-ups are always recommended for all dogs.

Your fox terrier will consider itself to be a part of the family and will want to be with you wherever you are and whatever you are doing!

Visit the Fox Terrier blog for tips on training, grooming and caring for your Fox Terrier, and if you are interested in Jack Russell terriers and their training check out the Jack Russell Terrier blog.

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Jack Russell Terrier Complete Profile

Jack Russell Terrier Complete Profile

Jack Russell Terrier

Key Facts:

Size: Small – medium
Height: Ideally 25 – 30 cm (10 – 12 in)
Weight: Ideally 5 – 6 kg (11 – 13 lb)
Life Span: 15 years
Grooming: Undemanding
Exercise: Medium
Feeding: Medium
Temperament: Bold & cheerful
Country of Origin: England
AKC Group: Terrier
Other names: Parson Russell Terrier, Parson Jack Russell

Physical Characteristics:

General Appearance: Intelligent, cunning and active.
Colour: White predominantly with black, tan or brown markings. The markings are usually on the head, ears and root of the tail.
Coat: There are three types: smooth, broken or rough.
Tail: Set high, straight, strong and is lifted when alert and dropped when at rest.
Ears: Small, set high, V-shaped with the tips hanging forward.
Body: The body is slightly longer than tall with a level back. The chest is moderately deep and the ribs are well sprung.

Lively, bold, fearless and willing. Jack Russell Terriers make lively companions for lively households. They are very independent and have plenty of self-confidence which can sometimes verge on dominance. They always alert their owner when a visitor arrives and love to play with children. They get on with other household pets but usually can’t resist chasing a cat if it runs from them. Jack Russels are intelligent and learn very quickly but they tend to try and have their own way and need a consistent handler that won’t give in to their mischievous charm.

The Jack Russell is easy to care for. When the coat is moulting use a rubber brush daily to remove the loose hairs. The rough-coat variety needs to be stripped (hairs plucked out) occasionally.

Jack Russells are very energetic and need the opportunity to run and frolic every day. Ideally these dogs would be within a farm or country environment, but they are adaptable and can adjust to urban living. This breed are suited for sports such as agility and fly-ball.

In 1812, Parson Jack Russell bought a terrier named trump who ended up becoming the foundation of the Jack Russell Terrier. Russell was a keen hunter and quickly acquired a pack of dogs for hunting foxes and hares. After a few years of careful breeding and selection, these dogs performed extremely well in the field and their popularity and reputation increased. Russell preferred his terriers to be at least 51cm (20 in) tall. However elsewhere these dogs were being bred as shorter (and often crooked) legged varieties with heavier bodies. In the early 20th century many breeders wanted more conformity in the breed type to gain official recognition, so the dogs could be exhibited in championship shows.

Additional Comments:

Jack Russells enjoy digging so they are not ideal pets for the conscientious gardner.


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