The Pomeranian Dog Breed
By Lee Dobbins
The Pomeranian is a lively, intelligent little dog that always has a smile for his owner. Developed in the Prussian region of Pomeranian these dogs were once quite large but now are one of the smallest of the toy breeds. Queen Victoria made this breed quite popular in Lee 1800’s England and many of the famous people of the day had Poms as pets.
A member of the American Kennel Club toy group, the Pomeranian was classified in the miscellaneous group until 1892 when the AKC classified into the toy group. The Pomeranian is very small weighing between three and 7 pounds and measuring seven to 12 inches. If cared for properly, this dog can live to be 15 years old.
Many people fall in love with this little fluffy dog because of his beautiful smiling wedge-shaped face. They have an intelligent expression with dark almond shaped eyes and dark noses. They have a double coat which is very thick and long outer coat in a short, wooly undercoat. Details stand forward on their backs and they have a large rough of the neck and chest. Typically solid colored, they can occasionally be party colored and come in orange, red, white, blue, brown, black and cream.
The Pomeranian is vivacious and intelligent – eager and quick to learn any trick that his master wants him to. They can be willful, and a bit difficult to house train but are very loyal to their families. They can be aggressive barkers and do need to be trained firmly in this area. while they are very smart and very quick to learn, you do need to let them know that you are the boss otherwise they will quickly get the upper hand. They make a wonderful companion and great show dog due to their docile and affectionate temperament.
Pomeranians can be prone to dislocated patella and slipped stifle as well as having heart and skin problems and eye Infections. Another problem that Poms as well as other small dogs can be prone to his having very bad teeth so you will have to exercise good dental care with this breed.
The Pomeranian is active in doors and doesn’t really need a yard to exercise than but like any other dog will require daily walks. This is a great dog for apartment living as long as the barking won’t annoy your neighbors.
The Pomeranian does need to have his beautiful long coat brushed daily. Brushing the coat forward is recommended as this will keep it looking best. Take care to remove any mats from the backs of the legs in the chest as these areas can get matted easily. You’ll also need to groom the bottoms of his feet in between the pads quite frequently as well as his eyes and ears. The eyes can get a build up of goop and need to be cleaned out at least once a week.